Between 2010 and 2018, Chattisgarh registered the highest rate of employment. This was largely driven by the urban construction boom in the state between 2015-2018. In 2018, Chhattisgarh’s Labour Force Participation (LFPR) was 64.5%. However this employment is largely in the informal sector.
Other states that recorded high levels of employment during the same period are Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
On the other hand, Goa and Kerala had the lowest level of youth employment. In both states, women fared the worst when it comes to employment rate in rural and urban areas.
For instance, the difference is stark in rural Kerala where 62% of women are unemployed compared to 21% of men. It bucks the national trend where more rural men are unemployed than women. But there is something to cheer, Kerala and Goa have kept their informal sector in check.
Among all states, Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of people in the unorganised sector. Overall, informal employment in India declined 4% in 2018. Even then, less than 15% of workers have a written job contract in most states.